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Fleas & Ticks

Cat Fleas

Cat fleas are very small and compressed insects that live on dogs, cats, and other animals. They do not fly, but have long legs and can jump a long distance. Flea larvae live at the base of household carpeting or in the openings in wood floors. Adult fleas suck blood from the host several times a day. Larvae feed on organic debris.

Household pets can get fleas by contact with infested dogs and cats. Rats, skunks, and opossums also carry cat fleas and can pass them to household pets. Contrary to common belief, fleas do not live successfully outdoors (backyards). It is generally not possible for people to carry fleas from house to house.

When dogs and cats become seriously infested they often change their sleeping or resting site to another. This is done to avoid the infested carpet, flooring, or bedding where fleas are developing. Infested dogs and cats scratch frequently and can irritate their skin.


Ticks

The most common ticks found in and around houses are the American dog tick (wood tick), Brown dog tick, Lone star tick, and the Deer tick. They can be identified by their color, white markings, and size. They all bite humans, and occasionally dogs and cats.

American dog ticks have irregular white markings on their back, Brown dog ticks are uniformly brown with no markings, the Lonestar tick female has a white spot in the middle of her back and the males have small white markings; the Deer tick is small and dark brown, and without markings.

The American dog tick and the Lone star tick are common in backyards and natural areas close to suburban communities. This tick feeds on dogs, cats, and people. They may drop off the
host inside homes, but do not reproduce indoors. The Brown dog tick is less common, but it also feeds on dogs and people. This tick species can reproduce indoors. Deer ticks are common in wooded areas, but rarely feed on household pets. They attack deer and small animals, and people.

The immature stages and adult ticks can be found on the head and neck region of pets, and sometimes at the base of the tail. Ticks on people will usually bite the legs or torso, but can also climb to the neck region.