There are over 300 EPA registered products for bed bug control. In most cases, exterminators use the same types of products that are available to the general public. These products fall into 6 different chemical classes. Bed bugs are considered fairly difficult to get rid of, so using combinations of products in different classes often works best.
With Harris products, you can skip the exterminator
Although the specific products used vary by company, they will fall into one of these categories: pyrethrins and pyrethroids, desiccants, biochemicals, pyrroles, neonicotinoids, and insect growth regulators. Here we will describe three common classes of chemicals and how they are used.
Pyrethrins and Pyrethroids
These are some of the most used insecticides for bed bugs and many other pests. Pyrethrins are derived from chrysanthemum flowers, and pyrethroids are the synthetic version that act in much the same way. When used according to directions, they pose very little risk to humans or the environment, but will kill insects on contact. Although these are the main tools for battling bed bugs, some populations have become resistant to them. Using other classes of pesticides in combination may be necessary.
Desiccants are a class of chemical that destroy the waxy outer coating (exoskeleton) of the insect. Once the exoskeleton has been pierced or scratched, the insect will die of dehydration. Desiccants like diatomaceous earth and boric acid have become very popular choices in controlling bed bugs. They are long-lasting, and since they are a physical method of control, bed bugs cannot develop resistance to them. Desiccants are available in powder form that can be spread throughout the house in difficult to reach places like wall voids, attics, and along baseboards.
Insect Growth Regulators (IGR’s)
IGR’s are popular because they do not affect the nervous system, so they are more friendly to “good bugs.” Insects are also less likely to become resistant to IGR’s than other pesticides. Insect Growth Regulators mimic juvenile growth hormones in insects. This interferes with the molting process. IGR’s work by either altering how chitin formation occurs (important for exoskeletons) or altering the insect’s development into adulthood. If the bed bug cannot molt and develop, it cannot reproduce, so populations can be curbed. It may take several days to kill bed bugs using IGR’s
If you are battling bed bugs, PF Harris has the right products at the right price. Save yourself the costly fees of professional exterminators and see the Harris difference. With our do-it-yourself pest control products, you can take back control of your home.