When we use the word rodent, mice and rats immediately jump to most people’s minds. That is because these are the rodents that spend the most time feeding, breeding, and living around humans. They are known as commensal rodents, which literally means “sharing one’s table.” There are many other types of rodents, however, so what defines a rodent and how do you control problematic ones?
Rodents make up a large percentage of mammals. In fact, 40% of all mammals are classified as rodents. They are found in large numbers on every continent, except Antarctica. Wikipedia defines a rodent as “a mammal of the order Rodentia, which is characterized by a single pair of continuously growing incisors in each of the upper and lower jaws.” These ever-growing teeth are sharp and used to gnaw on food, dig burrows, and defend themselves. Rodents are gnawing animals because they must keep their constantly growing teeth at a manageable length. The majority of rodents are small creatures with thick, muscular bodies, and short legs.
The most common pest rodents are the house mouse, Norway rat, and Roof rat. These rodents cause the majority of the problems for homeowners throughout the world. Other rodents have become common household pets like guinea pigs, hamsters, and gerbils. Still more rodents live in wild areas and try to avoid humans when possible. They may include prairie dogs, beavers, porcupines, voles, and more.
Problems Caused By Rodents
Rodent control around homes and businesses is essential because rodents can cause many problems for humans. Not only do they cause property damage with their constant gnawing, but they can also contaminate food and spread disease.
Damage: When rats and mice get into homes, they will chew on whatever they can find. This might include carpets, wood, insulation, plumbing, and electrical wires. Fires have been known to start because of rodent damage.
Contamination: Rodents generally enter homes in search of food, water, and shelter. They will eat a wide range of foods. If they get into your pantry, they can chew holes in food packages and contaminante everything they touch with their saliva, urine, and feces.
Disease: Rodents are known to transmit over 35 different diseases worldwide. This includes diseases that they transmit directly (hantavirus, leptospirosis, lymphocytic choriomeningitis, etc.) and indirectly (babesiosis, lyme disease, typhus, etc.) Some of the most deadly pandemics in history, like Black Death, were transmitted by rodents.
Appropriate rodent control measures can help to prevent the problems caused by rodents. These measures involve sanitation, exclusion, and elimination. Do-it-yourself rodent control is possible through the help of home pest control companies like PF Harris. Harris rodent products are proven to help eliminate the rodents around your home and business. From traps to baits, we have what you need. Trust Harris for all your home pest control products.