Treat lawns and perimeter shrubs with a hose end mosquito spray. Yard and Patio foggers can be used prior to outdoor activities. Personal insect repellents containing natural plant oils or products containing deet are the most popular choices to repel mosquitoes, biting flies and gnats.
Remove any standing water from areas near your home. Bird baths, drain pipes, gutters, even leaves on plants and shrubs around the home hold water that mosquitoes use to breed.
Mosquitoes are one of the world’s deadliest creatures. These blood-sucking insects not only give annoying bites, but they are also vectors for many different diseases. They are responsible for up to 750,000 deaths each year worldwide. Controlling mosquitoes has become a major initiative of cities all over the country and should be an important goal of homeowners as well. The same methods of prevention and control that work for mosquitoes are also beneficial for other small flies like gnats and no-see-ums. By learning methods of elimination, exclusion, and control, you can help keep your family healthy and safe from deadly mosquitoes.
Female Biting Midge A.K.A. No-see-um(Culicoides sonorensis)
AnAnopheles stephensi mosquito, which is a known carrier of malaria. Photo by Jim Gathany
Understanding the mosquito life cycle is vital to knowing how to control them. Like other flies, mosquitoes have a four stage life cycle: egg, larva, pupa, and adult. Female mosquitos lay their eggs in or near stagnant water. Having a water source is essential for development, but even a very small amount of water is sufficient for mosquito breeding. If this stagnant water can be eliminated, it is possible to break the mosquito life cycle in certain areas. The first three stages of the mosquito’s life is essentially aquatic and usually takes between 5 and 14 days. The adult mosquito is less dependent on water, and they often live in tall grasses, shrubs, and other vegetation. Male mosquitoes eat nectar and other sources of sugar and typically only live about a week, while females usually live twice as long. Efforts to eliminate mosquito breeding grounds focus on the removal of standing water.